Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure BG-2022-11/2318 – measures in Bulgaria
|Bulgaria , applies nationwide
|Open ended, started on 06 March 2022
|War in Ukraine
|Other initiatives or policies
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to childcare and education
|Ekaterina Markova (IPS-Bas) and Eurofound
|18 May 2022 (updated 13 June 2023)
The Ministry of Education and Science is accepting applications from Ukrainians seeking or receiving international or temporary protection to enrol their children in kindergarten or school.
Ukrainian children with international or temporary protected status will be directed to a specific educational institution depending on their age, grade, and location within Bulgaria.
Children of parents with dual-citizenship can be admitted to a kindergarten or school without going through the procedures for refugees who have only a Ukrainian passport.
Parents from Ukraine must complete and submit an application form (available at the official website of the ministry) to the regional education directorate. Necessary information on this application is the child's mother tongue, whether they speak some Bulgarian or other European languages, and where and from which grade the child was educated until in their country.
Different NGO's and volunteers provide courses of Bulgarian language.
On 13 May 2022, the first school for Ukrainian children in Bulgaria was created. The main goal is to help Ukrainian children adapt and prepare to enter Bulgarian schools. This school is funded by the British School of Sofia. The teachers are volunteers, and 90 children are enrolled.
According to the Ministry of Education, as of March 2022, parents of 365 Ukrainian children and young people applied for their child's inclusion in the Bulgarian education system, 98 of those children have been enrolled in school or kindergarten. The rest of the applications are waiting for accomplishment of legal status and clarification of health status as required by the Ministry of Health, 223 Ukrainians expressed their willingness to continue their education in the region of Burgas.
According to official data from November 2022, 2,250 children and students from Ukraine are enrolled in Bulgarian schools and in pre-school education groups in kindergartens. According to the Ministry of Education and Science, as of November 2022 512 children were enrolled in pre-school education groups in kindergartens and schools, and 1,738 students from Ukraine were enrolled in schools. All of them are educated in 220 kindergartens and 431 schools.
|Does not apply to workers
|Does not apply to businesses
Migrants or refugees
Company / Companies
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There is no social partners' involvement in designing, implementation and monitoring of this initiative. This measure is very important for adapting children of Ukrainian citizens with international or temporary protection, and also supports the families of Ukrainians to settle, work and live in Bulgaria.
No views or reactions to the measure. Such views if any will be included in addition, at a later stage.
|Sector (NACE level 2)
|P - Education
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2022), Enrolment in kindergarten or school for Ukrainian children, measure BG-2022-11/2318 (measures in Bulgaria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/BG-2022-11_2318.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.