European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure BG-2020-26/1002 Updated – measures in Bulgaria

Measures for maintaining employment in transport and tourism

Мярка за запазване на заетостта в секторите транспорт и туризъм

Country Bulgaria , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 26 June 2020 – 31 May 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Tsetomila Sabcheva and Luboslav Kostov (Citub)
Measure added 16 July 2020 (updated 18 April 2023)

Background information

The instrument has been added by the national Employment Agency into the national 'Human Resources Development' 2014-2020 programme, in the chapter 'Improving access to employment and quality of jobs'.

This measure is aimed at employers and self-employed in the sector of transport and tourism. Applicants must prove that they have at least a 20% drop in sales revenue and have paid their taxes and social security contributions for 2019. The duration of the measure is six months. The measure is projected to help maintain the employment of more than 22,000 people.

The total amount provided for this measure is BGN 40 million (€20 million).

The measure may be combined with measure 'COVID-19: Income support for workers 60/40'. In this way, sector-specific support can become 80/20.

Content of measure

The measure aims to maintain the employment of workers and self-employed engaged in the sectors - hotels and restaurants, transport and tourism, by providing compensation for part of the salary, taxes and social security contributions in amount of BGN 290 (€148) monthly, for a period up to six months.

The requirement towards the employers, who benefit from the programme, is to sustain the employment of the supported workers and self-insured persons for the entire period of subsidised employment, as well as for an additional period equal to half of the period for which the compensations have been paid. For example, if they receive benefits for six months, they must keep the particular worker at work for at least nine months. This will ensure a relatively sustainable employment of people for a longer period of time.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

18 March 2021

The deadline for payment of compensations for maintaining employment in the "Transport", "Hotel and Restaurant" and "Tourism" sectors is extended until 31 May 2021.

Use of measure

The measure is projected to help maintain the employment of more than 22,000 people. Interested employers and self-employed persons may submit an application to a local 'Labour Office' directorate. In cases of multiple sites, the employer submits an application to only one directorate. The application shall be submitted on paper, electronically or by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt through a licensed postal operator.

The decision of the Council of Ministers is from 26 June 2020. The measure itself came into force on 01 July 2020. There is still no confirmed official information on the number of submitted applications. Data for July will be released in August 2020.

The preliminary assessment of the measure shows that €14.5 million have been paid so far (only Transport and Tourism sectors). The amount was received by 2,055 employers across the country, allowing 27,529 jobs to be maintained in these sectors.

As of the 22 January 2021 the preliminary estimate of the measure for the hotel and restaurant sectors shows that €41 million have been paid to 1,058 employers, which has allowed the retention of about 30,000 jobs so far.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


The measure was proposed by the social partners and developed during the negotiations in the National Council for National Cooperation. The measure is proposed by the unions.

Views and reactions

The unions fully support the measure. It builds on the existing measure 'COVID-19: Income support for workers 60/40' by focusing on the most affected sectors of the crisis in the Bulgarian economy.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      H50 Water transport
      H51 Air transport
      I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities I55 Accommodation
      I56 Food and beverage service activities

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 20 July 2020: Short-term employment support in response to the COVID-19 pandemic (
  • 22 January 2021: Помощта от над 200 млн. лв. за затворените бизнеси се бави (
  • 20 May 2021: Нови мерки в помощ на туризма готви служебният кабине (


Eurofound (2020), Measures for maintaining employment in transport and tourism, measure BG-2020-26/1002 (measures in Bulgaria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.