Factsheet for case BE-2020-36/1126 – Updated – measures in Belgium
|Country||Belgium , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 31 August 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g. short-time work)
|Author||Dries Van Herreweghe (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven) and Eurofound|
|Case created||15 September 2020 (updated 05 October 2020)|
The measure was originally introduced due to the strong increase in requests for temporary unemployment for the national economy as way to alleviate pressure on the institutions that were tasked with organizing and distributing unemployment benefits, both the National Employment Office (NEO) and the trade unions (that also play an important role in paying out the unemployment benefits). The use of temporary unemployment means that the employers no longer have to pay the wages of their employees (the cost is transferred to the government through the unemployment benefit), thereby enabling them to reduce their costs and enhances their ability to better cope with the period of inactivity of the business.
The measures makes the procedure shorter and more simplified for employees in order to make sure that they receive their unemployment benefit as fast as possible
The system will be extended further as well as adapted (starting September 2020). From that date, two systems will apply (one for companies or sectors that are considered to be very badly hit and one for companies that are less impacted but still require the measure):
Data is not yet available; as the measure (extension) is still very recent.
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Sector specific set of companies
|Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners are involved in the measure, as the trade unions have a big responsibility in paying out unemployment benefits. On the other hand the sectoral joint committees monitor and discuss the measures further.
No public views stated at the time of writing specifically for the extension/adaption.
Eurofound (2020), Extension of temporary unemployment due to force majeure for specific sectors and companies in trouble, case BE-2020-36/1126 (measures in Belgium), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.