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Factsheet for measure AT-2022-6/3127 Updated – measures in Austria

Company subsidies for energy costs

Energiekostenzuschuss für Unternehmen

Country Austria , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 February 2022 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for energy bills
Author Bernadette Allinger (Forba) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 February 2023 (updated 07 November 2023)

Background information

As a consequence of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, energy prices have risen. Especially energy-intensive companies have been challenged by this. Thus, on 28 September 2022, the Austrian federal government announced to provide subsidies to those companies, retroactively from February 2022 on, as part of the latest anti-inflation package.

Content of measure

Companies whose energy procurement costs amounted to at least 3% of the production value in 2021 and whose national energy tax amounted to 0.5% of the value added in 2021 are able to apply for a subsidy. While at first, the programme was set to apply for 2022 only, in late December, it was extended (“energy cost subsidy 2”) to the year 2023.

Four different subsidy stages are differentiated for the energy cost subsidy 1 (2022):

  • Stage 1: Energy cost subsidy for electricity, natural gas and fuel up to a maximum of €400,000: The price difference between 2021 and 2022 is subsidised with 30%.
  • Stage 2: Subsidies up to a maximum of €2 million: The prerequisite for the subsidy in stage 2 is at least a doubling of the company's prices for electricity and natural gas. Up to 70% of the previous year's consumption is subsidised with a maximum of 30%.
  • Stage 3: Subsidies up to a maximum of €25 million: From stage 3 and up, the companies must also be able to show an operating loss due to the high energy costs.
  • Stage 4: Subsidies up to a maximum of €50 million: applies only to selected sectors

A subsidy limit of €2,000 was implemented.

Somewhat different regulations apply to the energy cost subsidy 2 (for 2023): Subsidies of between €3,000 and €150 million can be paid out for 2023. There are 5 funding levels in total - in the first two stages (up to subsidies of €4 million, there is no requirement for proof of a minimum energy intensity). The funding intensity is doubled in stage 1 from 30 to 60% and increased from 30 to 50% in stage 2.

Companies must meet several criteria in order to be eligible for the subsidies in levels 3, 4 and 5, e.g. profits. Furthermore, tax compliance is a requirement and there are also restrictions on bonus payments and dividends for grant-receiving companies.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

25 February 2023

In February 2023, the federal government announced to implement a flat-rate energy cost allowance for micro-businesses and small businesses with a minimum annual turnover of €10,000 and a maximum annual turnover of €400,000. The allowance is calculated automatically, based on the sector and turnover, and amounts to between €110 and up to €2,475.

The allowance can be applied for online and retroactively for 2022 up to 30 November 2023. Public companies, as well as companies in the energy, finance, real estate and agriculture sectors, are exempt from the subsidy, as are liberal professions and political parties.

Use of measure

As of 13 January 2023, almost €16 million have been paid out to 716 companies.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Involvement unknown, but if there was involvement it most likely only applied to the employers' side.

Views and reactions

The Federal Economic Chamber had a positive view on the subsidies.


  • 28 September 2022: Energy cost subsidy for companies and businesses: Subsidy guidelines and subsidy levels (
  • 22 December 2022: Energy cost subsidy 2 for companies and businesses: the key points at a glance (
  • 16 January 2023: Energy cost subsidy 1: Second pre-registration phase starts today (
  • 25 February 2023: The federal government's energy cost flat rate provides relief for small businesses (


Eurofound (2023), Company subsidies for energy costs, measure AT-2022-6/3127 (measures in Austria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.