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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure AT-2022-14/3128 – measures in Austria

Work Foundation in the environmental field


Country Austria , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 31 March 2025
Context Green Transition
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Bernadette Allinger (Forba) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 February 2023 (updated 07 November 2023)

Background information

In Austria, labour shortages already lie significantly above pre COVID-19 times and have intensified within the last few months, with the number of job vacancies registered with the Public Employment Service (AMS) also ceiling at a new “all-time high” (around 129,000).

Especially among so-called green jobs, a skilled labour shortage is evident and at the same time, interest for 'green jobs' has risen also among young persons.

In order to provide training to unemployed people in job fields with a promising future and to meet the demand of skilled labour in such fields, social partners initiated the active labour market policy of a work-foundation (often also called re-employment schemes) for environmental jobs.

Content of measure

Between April 2022 and April 2025, €10 million are invested in order to provide around 1,000 people with vocational training that could be used on the labour market, when qualification in the environmental sector are required. The focus lies on apprenticeships, which can be finished in half the time of the legal duration, in the following fields:

  • waste and resource management
  • green mobility
  • energy generation and distribution
  • building technology
  • agricultural and forestry professions
  • professions in the field of education, counseling and lifestyle

Besides apprenticeships, a qualification as a specialist assistant can be achieved in a shortened training period (three to twelve months).

Moreover, higher qualification for people with an apprenticeship diploma or university entrance qualification are offered.

The participants receive a subsidy by the Public Employment Service (livelihood security) and in addition €200 per month from the company in which the training takes place.

Use of measure

After one year of its implementation, as of May 2023, the measure counts 200 participants.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social partners jointly
Company / Companies
Public employment service
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The social partners developed this active labour market policy.

Views and reactions

The social partners developed this measure and are thus content with it.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities
      A2 Forestry and logging
      A3 Fishing and aquaculture
      D - Electricity, Gas, Steam And Air Conditioning Supply D35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
      E - Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management And Remediation Activities E38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery
      F - Construction F41 Construction of buildings
      F42 Civil engineering
      F43 Specialised construction activities
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      P - Education P85 Education
      S - Other Service Activities S96 Other personal service activities
    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Building and related trades workers, excluding electricians
      Electrical and electronic trades workers
      Drivers and mobile plant operators
      Teaching professionals
      Agricultural, forestry and fishery labourers
      Refuse workers and other elementary workers


  • 01 April 2022: Environmental foundation (
  • 15 May 2023: One year of the environmental foundation: interest in green jobs is increasing (


Eurofound (2023), Work Foundation in the environmental field, measure AT-2022-14/3128 (measures in Austria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.