European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure AT-2021-5/1741 Updated – measures in Austria

General collective agreement Corona test

Generalkollektivvertrag Corona-Test

Country Austria , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 25 January 2021 – 30 April 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
Author Bernadette Allinger (Forba) and Eurofound
Measure added 27 January 2021 (updated 11 November 2021)

Background information

Due to stagnating numbers in Corona infections amid a lock-down and the first appearances of potentially more infectious virus mutants in Austria, stricter measures were agreed upon by the federal government.

On 25 January 2021, the 3rd COVID-19 Emergency Measures Ordinance came into effect, via which some important changes in several areas of public life were implemented (e.g. increasing the distance to be kept to people from other households from one to two meters or the obligation to wear more protective FFP-2 facial masks in certain circumstances like public transport or retail). Furthermore, weekly Corona tests for specific professional groups are to be provided via this ordinance. This includes - in addition to the previously mandatory tests in the health and social care sectors - employees in contact with customers (e.g. transport, retail); teachers and elementary pedagogues who have contact with children; warehouse logistics if the minimum distance cannot be kept; public services when contact to clients occurs; and professional sports (team and contact sports).

Those employees who have not been tested must instead wear an FFP-2 mask. In the health and care sector, both tests and FFP-2 masks are mandatory when contact to patients/clients occurs.

Content of measure

Following the implementation of the ordinance, the federal-level social partners negotiated a general general collective in order to provide the necessary framework conditions for Corona testing for the concerned professional groups.

The agreement was negotiated between the federal level social partners (the 'official' social partners Federal Economic Chamber WKO, Agricultural Chamber LKO, Austrian Trade Union Federation ÖGB and Chamber of Labour AK and in addition the Federation of Austrian Industry IV).

This is the first general collective agreement that has been concluded in Austria since 1978 (as the sectoral level is the dominating level in collective bargaining). The agreement applies to all companies and its employees which are organised and represented by the mandatory WKO and for which the WKO may conclude collective agreements (i.e. those companies represented by voluntary employer organisations which conclude collective agreements on their behalf - e.g. the Association of Austrian Banks - are not covered by this general collective agreement). However, an extension order is planned, which would expand the validity to those companies not covered by the WKO and for which no collective agreement applies (a very small percentage).

The general collective agreement came into effect on 25 January 2021 and regulates the following:

  • Regular Corona tests which are prescribed for certain professional groups (via the ordinance) must be carried out during working hours with continued payment of wages. If taking a test at the place of work is not possible, the time which it takes to take a test in public facilities (including travel time) is to be counted as working time.
  • Employees for who it is not compulsory to take a Corona test should take the test outside of working hours. If this is not possible, an exemption is possible (once a week).
  • Employees may not be disadvantaged or dismissed because of the participation in COVID-19 tests and in case of a a positive test.

In addition to these clauses on tests, the social partners agreed upon a mask-free time for those employees who are required to wear a mask during their work (due to legal regulations). After three hours, those employees may take off the mask for at least 10 minutes. This is not a mandatory break time, but the employee can change the work (e.g. no customer contact) or timing can be arranged so that this mask-free time falls within a regular break.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

01 September 2021

The general collective agreement "Corona test" expired on 31 August 2021 and was replaced by a general collective agreement "Corona measures", valid from 1 September 2021 to 30 April 2022, which was again negotiated between the peak-level social partners.

The clauses on Corona testing have been omitted in the new collective agreement (due to widespread availability of vaccinations now), while the right to mask-free time of ten minutes after three hours of work has been maintained. If the requirement to wear a mask is not prescribed by the authorities, but by the employer, the general collective agreement clarifies that employees can exempt themselves from it with a so-called "3G proof" (meaning either showing a certificate of a COVID-19 vaccination, of having recovered from a Corona infection, or of a current test certificate).

17 February 2021

The social partners in the private health and social care sectors (which are not represented by the mandatory employer organisation WKO and for who the general collective agreement does not apply) have signed additional collective agreements regarding Corona tests and mask-free times, according to the regulations in the general CA.

08 February 2021

The legislative background to this general collective agreement is found in case 589 in the COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch database .

Use of measure

No estimates available.


  • Health and safety

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
Social partners jointly
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Upon the government's ordinance on mandatory Corona tests for specific professional groups, the social partners jointly negotiated and agreed upon practical and operational measures that enable workers to be tested.

Views and reactions

Due to the fact that a mutual agreement was concluded, it can be assumed that both sides are supportive of the measure.



Eurofound (2021), General collective agreement Corona test, measure AT-2021-5/1741 (measures in Austria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.