Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure AT-2021-51/2428 – measures in Austria
|Country||Austria , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 15 December 2021 – 31 May 2022|
|Context||COVID-19, War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Bernadette Allinger (Forba) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||01 June 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)|
At the end of 2021 and early 2022, the strongest Corona wave thus far hit the country. In order to not let the "health crisis lead to a social crisis", as the chairperson of the Green Party, junior partner of the federal coalition government announced, a one-time payment for those persons most in need was decided. The inflation compensation payment targets towards combating the consequences of poverty caused by COVID-19 and is part of the first anti-inflation package of the Austrian government 2022 worth €1.7 billion. Further parts of the package include an energy costs compensation worth €150 for households and the suspension of green electricity contributions .
A one-time inflation compensation payment of €150 was initiated for several groups of low-income people: for unemployed people who receive unemployment benefit or emergency assistance, for people who are dependent on social assistance or minimum benefits, pensioners receiving a pension so low that they receive a compensatory allowance, long-term recipients of sick leave or rehabilitation benefits receiving a compensatory allowance and students receiving study grants or a mobility grant.
In March 2022, the doubling of the premium from €150 to €300 for specific groups was decided, i.e. for those having received unemployment benefits, emergency assistance, pension advances or retraining allowances for at least 30 days in the months of January and February, and in addition for households on minimum incomes and students.
Premiums were paid between January and May 2022. The Federal Ministry for Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection and the Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Research are responsible for the implementation of the measure.
Around 750,000 persons would benefit from the payment, according to the federal ministries, worth a total of €100 million for the initial payment and a further €100 million for the subsequent second bonus.
||Does not apply to businesses||
People on social benefits
People on low incomes
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners were not involved in the design, implementation and monitoring of the measure.
The president of the Austrian Trade Union Federation ÖGB Wolfgang Katzian welcomed the announced relief, but stated that it could be a first step only. The president of the Chamber of Labour (AK), Renate Anderl called for an “immediate energy aid fund” into which the energy industry should pay in order to help households in financial difficulties. In addition, the VAT should be halved (to ten percent) for a limited period of time.
The Federation of Austrian Industry (IV) has stated that it missed emergency aids for affected companies - the energy price situation would require immediate action and companies would need compensation for electricity prices, according to IV's president Georg Knill. The Federal Economic Chamber (WKO) also sees companies under great pressure, especially in sectors such as steel, chemicals, paper, glass and stone/ceramics.
Eurofound (2022), One-time inflation compensation payment for people in need, measure AT-2021-51/2428 (measures in Austria), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/AT-2021-51_2428.html
19 May 2022
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