Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure SK-2020-17/871 – Updated – measures in Slovakia
|Country||Slovakia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 21 April 2020 – 31 October 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Ludovit Cziria (IVPR) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||31 May 2020 (updated 07 February 2022)|
To minimize the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the citizens, the government closed some facilities and adopted other related measures. These measures caused losses in sales of several firms and their business units. To retain employment in these firms and support self-employers, the government adopted a package of measures called the First aid for employees, employers and self-employers. One of the most important measure in the package is Measure 3.
The measure was adopted in order to maintain employment at the employers who were not closed compulsorily by the state but experienced losses in sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Employers and self-employers, who experienced at least 10% losses in sales from 13 to the end of March and 20% in April and in the next months of 2020, can apply to the employment services UPSVaR for a subsidy to replace the wage of employees in two forms:
Since 1 October 2020, a modified Measure 3 is available.
According to the Institute of Social Policy (ISP), the largest financial support to retain employees in the firms affected by the pandemic was provided via Measure 3A and 3B. By 10 June 2020, a subsidy was provided to more than 30,000 subjects and covered almost 588,000 employees and self-employed in March and April. The total amount of provided subsidies was more than €154 million. The average value of the 3A and 3B subsidy increased from €269 and €187 respectively in March to €427 and €324 in April.
In the following months, the subsidies have been decreasing. According to the ISP (data from 30 November), during July - September 2020, via form A and B around 12,100 employers received in average about €260 subsidy per employee. In October, the total number of supported employers significantly decreased to 667 with the average subsidy €337 per employee.
According to the ISP (December 2021), in August 2021 the measure was not applied. In September 2021, the Measure 3A was implemented at 4,353 employers and covered wage replacement of 51,306 employees in the total amount of €17.412 million. The average subsidy per employee was about €340. In October, support concerned 4,615 employers covering 49,767 employees and made in total €16.079 million with about €323 average per employee.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
According to the peak organisations of employers AZZZ SR, APZ and KOZ SR, social partners were not involved via usual tripartite consultations and neither in cross-sector commenting procedures. Some social partners, e.g. the KOZ SR, tried to be involved and provided comments informally via media or exceptionally through individual consultations with representatives of the respective state administration body. In case of the measure, it was the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family.
Trade unions as well as organisations of employers supported the measures included in the First aid to employees, employers and self-employers to support them when affected by the consequences of the corona crisis. According to the employers, implementation of the measure was delaying and administratively demanding. The maximum value of the subsidy €880 for an employees´ wages is not sufficient for some employers and the representatives of employers demand its increasing.
Eurofound (2020), Wage support for companies, measure SK-2020-17/871 (measures in Slovakia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/SK-2020-17_871.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.