Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-12/219 – Updated – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 17 March 2020 – 31 October 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Flexibilisation and security
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||31 March 2020 (updated 10 May 2021)|
The Italian Government, through Article 46 of the Law Decree No. 18 of 2020, suspended all the proceedings for collective dismissals and individual layoffs based on economic or productive reasons. This measure has been taken to prevent companies from dismissing wide part of their workforce as a consequence of the impossibility to carry out their business due to the two months lockdown applied in Italy to contrast the COVID-19 outbreak. The suspension of dismissals was later extended until 17 August 2020 by Law Decree No. 34 of 2020.
In consequence of the adoption of this measure, all collective dismissals' proceedings initiated from 23 February 2020 are suspended until 15 May 2020, and no new proceedings can be initiated from 17 March 2020 until the same final date. In addition, individual dismissals are banned from 17 March 2020 until 15 May 2020. The suspension does not apply to dismissals for disciplinary reasons, that can still be initiated.
The ban of individual dismissal is applied to all employers. The ban of collective dismissals, only to those than can enter in this proceeding (the ones with more than 15 employees).
The suspension of dismissals was later extended until 17 August 2020 by Law Decree No. 34 of 2020 (art. 80).
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|22 March 2021||
Law Decree No. 41 of 22 March 2021 confirms the freezing of individual and collective dismissals for all employers until 30 June 2021 (art.8). For those employers who are making use of the wage integration treatments, such block remains even beyond, i.e. from 1 July to 31 October 2021.
|28 October 2020||
Law Decree No. 137 of 28 October 2020 further extended the temporary suspension to individual and collective dismissals until 31 January 2020.
|15 August 2020||
Law Decree No. 104 of 14 August 2020 extended and qualified the temporary suspension to individual and collective introduced by Law Decree No. 18 of 2020. In particular, the new regulation envisages that the suspension is postponed until 31 December 2020, with the following exceptions:
No details available.
Employees in standard employment
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No involvement of the social partners.
The employer organisation Confindustria heavily criticised the decision of the Government to extend the suspension of dismissals until 17 August 2020, arguing it is "an attack against the freedom of enterprise". The trade union confederations CGIL, CISL and UIL, instead, have asked the Government to extend the suspesion of individual and collective dismissals until the end of 2020.
The counterposition between the social partners on the ban to dismissals continues also after its further extension by Law Decree No. 41 of 22 March 2021, with employer associations asking to remove the ban to let companies reorganise and trade unions calling for its further extension until the end of the COVID-19 emergency.
Eurofound (2020), Temporary suspension of individual and collective dismissals, measure IT-2020-12/219 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-12_219.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.