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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure DE-2022-23/2220 – measures in Germany

Access to basic social assistance, students assistance, and health insurance for Ukrainian refugees

Grundsicherung, BAföG und Krankenversicherung für ukrainische Geflüchtete

Country Germany , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 June 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Income protection beyond short-time work
– Extensions of income support to workers not covered by any kind of protection scheme
Author Thilo Janssen (WSI)
Measure added 09 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

In April 2022, the German government decided to provide Ukrainian refugees with the right to access the regular social assistance (SGB XII) and job seekers’ benefits (SGB II) schemes from 1 June 2022. This means that Ukrainian refugees do no longer have to rely on benefits under the more restricted Asylum Seekers Benefits Act as it is the case for other refugees coming to Germany. Ukrainian refugees will get access to regular social benefits under the same conditions as German nationals.

Content of measure

Ukrainian refugees who did not find a job on the labour market are eligible to access the regular social assistance (SGB XII) and job seekers’ benefits (SGB II) schemes in Germany. As for other German residents, the single point of contact for the Ukrainian refugees will be the job centres where they get access to benefits, integration and language courses, job offers, and support in organising childcare.

The condition for receiving SGB II and XII benefits is that the persons concerned have applied for a residence permit for temporary protection, have been entered in the central register of foreigners, and meet the general eligibility requirements for receiving social assistance or job seekers’ benefits under the same conditions as other residents in Germany.

Anyone participating in university studies or other eligible education and training programmes can receive benefits under the Federal Training Assistance Act (BAföG), under the same conditions as other residents in Germany.

All Ukrainian refugees without the need for statutory social benefits have the right to join the statutory health insurance.

Use of measure

No data available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A

Involvement

No formal involvement.

Views and reactions

Both sides of the social partners support the measures in general, but emphasise practical issues like the need for additional staff and funds in job centres or the rising costs for the health insurance funds which will need additional compensation from national funds (Bundestag, 2022).

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2022), Access to basic social assistance, students assistance, and health insurance for Ukrainian refugees, measure DE-2022-23/2220 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2022-23_2220.html

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