Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure DE-2020-13/649 – measures in Germany
|Country||Germany , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 25 March 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Birgit Kraemer (Hans Boeckler Foundation) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||15 April 2020 (updated 21 October 2021)|
On 19 March, the main employer organisation of the audiovisual sector together with sectoral business organisations and business organisations of advertisement companies published a statement saying that due to the upcoming COVID-19 lockdown and to travel restrictions the advertisement sector faces the strongest crisis ever and that due to this the production of commercial movies and TV-productions will come under strong strain. The authors, nevertheless, agree to the lockdowns; they recommend to postpone commercial movie and TV productions and to show strong solidarity within the sector for safeguarding the sectoral supply chains and networks. One week later, the main private employer organisation, the Produzentenallianz (producers' alliance), reached an agreement with the United Services Union, ver.di, and the occupational trade union of actors, BFFS, which for the first time stipulates that the employers shall apply short time working.
On 24 March 2020 the Produzentenallianz (producers' alliance), ver.di and BFFS reached an agreement that for the first time regulates the use of short time working in the movie and TV film production business. It is an addition to the existing framework collective agreement and specifies the use of short time work in case of disruptions or stoppages of movie productions. In light of the upcoming challenges, it was reached in great hurry and approved by the organisations the same evening; it came into force the next day, on 25 March. The agreement lasts until 31 December but can be cancelled by either side by 30 June 2020 (two weeks announcement period).
It is a supplement to the framework collective agreement already in place and specifies the use of short time work in case of disruptions and stoppages of movie production:
The main broadcasting stations immediately signed the agreement and said they will apply it. The agreement does not have to be applied by companies which are not members of the Produzentenallianz (producers' alliance).
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Agreed by tjhe Produzentenallianz and tre trade unions Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft (ver.di) and the Bundesverband Film- und Fernsehschauspieler (BFFS) in cooperation. Members have to apply the agreement; other employers may choose to do so.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Legal, social and cultural professionals|
Eurofound (2020), Audiovisual sector: First collective agreement on short-time working, measure DE-2020-13/649 (measures in Germany), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/DE-2020-13_649.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.