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The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Overview

COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch currently contains 892 measures introduced by governments and social partners to cushion the social and economic effects on businesses, workers and citizens.

Use the side navigation to find measures by country, type of measure, category, or target group.

Categories

Target groups

The database indicates for each measure to which target groups it applies, broadly differentiating between workers, businesses and citizens.

The database contains 42 specific target groups, including for example:

Recently updated measures

Recognition of COVID-19 as an occupational disease

The recognition of an illness linked to COVID-19 as an occupational disease is now easier for professionals working in the health sector, with the creation of two new tables resulting from a decree of...

France | 27 November 2020

Internship ATIVAR.PT - Internships for unemployed persons with disability or impairment

To face the economic and social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Government established as one of the priority axes of the Economic and Social Stabilisation Programme (Programa de Estabilização E...

Portugal | 27 November 2020

Exceptional aid to support the employment of a disabled person on an apprenticeship contract or a professionalisation contract

Agefiph provides an exceptional assistance to support the employment of a disabled person on an apprenticeship or work-study contract ('contrat en alternance' or 'de professionalisation'). The aid sup...

France | 27 November 2020

Involvement of social partners in legislation

Eurofound identified 635 legislations and other statutory regulations, 377 of which have been created entirely new in the context of COVID-19. This section gives an overview of social partner's involvement in designing and implementing these measures.

Role of employers' organisations in designing the measure

  • In 370 measures, employers' organisations were involved:
  • In 154 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 111 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Role of trade unions in designing the measure

  • In 355 measures, trade unions were involved:
  • In 156 measures, there was no involvement;
  • For the 124 remaining measures the involvement is unknown, or they were considered as being out of the social partner's domain.

Implementation, monitoring and assessment phase

  • In 102 measures, social partners were involved:
  • In the remaining 533 measures, there was no involvement or the involvement is unknown.
    • Recognition of COVID-19 as an occupational disease

      The recognition of an illness linked to COVID-19 as an occupational disease is now easier for professionals working in the health sector, with the creation of two new tables resulting from a decree of...

      France | 26 November 2020

      Authorisation for employers to organise collective screening of employees

      An order of 16 November provides, by amending an order of 10 July 2020, that, exceptionally, an employer may organise collective screening operations, using rapid diagnostic nasopharyngeal antigenic o...

      France | 26 November 2020

      New Flemish protection mechanism for businesses

      The resurgence of the virus in September-November has led to a re-introduction of strict measures that have a significant impact on the working of businesses. To reduce contacts and further spreading ...

      Belgium | 20 November 2020

Collective agreements

The COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch database contains 80 collective agreements. Most of them were identified in France and the most commonly found provisions relate to employment retention, income protection, and health and safety.

Contents

17 agreements additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

    • Agreement for maintenance of employment in Inditex

      Inditex and the unions UGT and CCOO have agreed to maintain employment during the digital transformation process that the textile manufacturing and retail group is addressing and that implies a change...

      Spain | 25 November 2020

      Banca-Credito Cooperativo company agreement on the smart working

      On 21 September 2021 the holding company Cassa Centrale Banca-Credito Cooperativo Italiano in the banking sector has signed a company-level agreement to regulate the use of the smart working arrangeme...

      Italy | 23 November 2020

      Acciai Speciali Terni company agreement of smart working

      On 25 August 2020 the company Acciai Speciali Terni operating in the iron and steel industry signed a company-level agreement to launch a new experimental work organisation based on the smart working....

      Italy | 23 November 2020

Social partner initiatives

The COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch database contains 56 social partner initiatives. Most of them were identified in Germany and belong to the category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace.

Main themes

Company practices

The COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch database contains 24 company practices. Most of them were identified in Croatia and the most commonly found provisions relate to employment retention, health and safety, and bonuses.

Contents

5 company practices additionally contain other provisions not mentioned above.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.